VIII. FACULTY WORKING CONDITIONS
Rice supports the work of its faculty in a variety of ways. In addition to the space, funds, equipment, and clerical assistance that it provides through its departments and schools, Rice maintains libraries, computing and networking facilities, and other university-wide programs to assist and protect the faculty. Rice also regulates many aspects of a faculty member's work -- not just to sustain the interests of the university but also to conform to federal, state, and local laws and regulations.
A. The Library
Fondren Library is a modern research library that supports the university's teaching and research efforts with a broad range of collections: over 2.6 million volumes, including 68,000+ electronic books; 77,000+ current journal subscriptions; 3.3 million+ microforms; 450+ indexes and databases providing targeted access to the journal literature, including JSTOR, IEEE Explore, LexisNexis Academic, and Scopus. It is a selective depository for United States and Texas government publications and for United States patents and trademarks. Special collections include: The Woodson Research Center (http://library.rice.edu/collections/WRC), home to over 39,000 rare books and 500+ manuscript collections, as well as the archives of Rice University; the Brown Fine Arts Library, which contains over 200,000 volumes related to art, architecture, classical archaeology, and music; and the Rice Digital Scholarship Archive, an open source D-Space repository for faculty members' research, electronic theses and dissertations, and digitized collections. Fondren collaborates with the Jones Graduate School of Business in providing library services to the Business Information Center (http://library.rice.edu/collections/business-information-center/), located in Janice and Robert McNair Hall. Fondren Library also maintains a 24/7 presence at the BioScience Research Collaborative (http://library.rice.edu/features/past/feature-5). Fondren's Digital Media Commons (DMC) in Herring Hall (http://library.rice.edu/services/dmc) provides equipment, software, and support for using and creating media, including equipment checkout. The GIS/Data Center (http://library.rice.edu/services/gdc) provides support for analyzing geographic information in a broad range of academic disciplines.
Faculty services offered by Fondren include active support for collections, research, and teaching (http://library.rice.edu/collections/about-fondrens-collections/subject-specialist); physical and electronic class reserves; interlibrary borrowing and document delivery; study rooms and technology-equipped classrooms by reservation; and a limited number of carrels (available through deans to scholars with special needs). General and specialized tours are available for students, as well as classes on topics such as specific social media and technology tools, specific electronic resources, and research methodology. Additionally, there are online research guides on specific subjects. The library sponsors, through its Friends group, an annual research competition for undergraduates and graduate students; through the DMC co-sponsors an annual student video contest; and with the School of Engineering co-sponsors the faculty Virginia and Griff Lawhorn Digital Education Award.
Open Access Policy
The Faculty of Rice University is committed to disseminating the fruits of its research and scholarship as widely as possible. In keeping with that commitment, and recognizing the importance of allowing faculty members to choose appropriate venues for publishing their scholarly work, the Faculty adopted the following policy in 2012:
The current Rice copyright policy governing faculty publications will be followed, with the additional provision that Rice University will make published articles written by faculty members available for open dissemination. The policy will apply to all scholarly articles written while the person is a faculty member, except for publications completed before the adoption of this policy. The Provost or Porvost's designate will waive application of the policy for a particular scholarly publication upon written notification by the author, who informs Rice of the reason. Faculty members are further encouraged to make all of their publications, not just articles, available for open dissemination.
To assist Rice in distributing scholarly articles, as of the date of publication, each faculty member will submit an electronic copy of the final version of an article, at no charge, to a designated representative of the Provost's Office in one of the appropriate formats specified by the Provost's Office. The Provost's Office will make the articles available to the public in an open-access repository, the Rice Digital Scholarship Archive, which is administered by the library. More information on the archive, including where and how to submit articles, may be found at http://openaccess.rice.edu/. Upon request, an article will not be made available to the public for an agreed-upon embargo period.
B. Information Technology
Rice University maintains a rich amalgam of information technology services and support. General information of most import to faculty can be found in the "Faculty Guide to Information Technology," a pdf document that is revised annually. You can download or read the guide at http://it.rice.edu/faculty.aspx. (Guides are also available for undergraduate and graduate students.)
Information technology offerings are provided by several different teams. The Educational Technologies group supports teaching and learning at Rice, including a course-management system and technology embedded in classrooms. The Research-Computing Support group partners with the Ken Kennedy Institute for Information Technology (K2I) to provide access to supercomputing resources, both on campus and beyond, and support for computational research needs (see entry on Research Computing). The Networking group provides both wired and wireless access to campus resources, connections to regional and national high-speed networks, as well as the Internet. The Administrative Systems group handles financial, human resources, and student records information. The Enterprise Applications and Systems, Architecture, and Infrastructure teams provide a well-rounded set of services in email, the Web, storage, and virtualization. The off-campus primary data center provides hosting opportunities for servers and clusters. Rice also makes use of "cloud computing" resources. A full slate of services can be found in IT's Service Catalog.
Several Rice policies impact the information-technology landscape. Policy 832-99 "Appropriate Use of Computer Facilities" prohibits violations of copyright, trademark, and other laws, including making unauthorized copies of licensed software. Policy 808 "Protection of Personally Identifiable Information" establishes Rice's security posture for the protection of confidential and sensitive information. A policy on research data is currently in production to meet the requirements of federal funding agencies.
Each division within the university has a team of professional computing support staff to help with computing questions and problems. A central Help Desk (extension 4357) dispatches these to the appropriate divisional representative.
Rice University manages several large-scale high-performance computer clusters and a scalable storage infrastructure, and beginning in fall 2011, a visualization lab, all in support of research. Current infrastructure (75 TeraFLOPS or 50 million CPU hours per year of computing capacity across four clusters and 800 TeraBYTES of storage) was made possible by NSF and NIH awards, and supplemented by industry partnerships.
The infrastructure is available for any research project at Rice. Faculty members who need support are encouraged to contact the Ken Kennedy Institute for Information Technology (www.k2i.rice.edu) or the Research Computing Support Group (www.rcsg.rice.edu) in IT to request to become sponsors for their respective research group. Sponsors are able to approve user-access for anyone in their group for a nominal user fee. The user fee is collected per semester to support critical software licenses and hardware support contracts.
The partnership between the Ken Kennedy Institute for Information Technology and the Office of the Vice Provost for Information Technology works to provide stewardship for high-performance computing infrastructure, while the Research Computing Support Group in IT oversees the day-to-day operation and the Ken Kennedy Institute works with faculty on need assessment, funding development, and infrastructure expansion.
More about IT:
Administrative Systems - http://admsys.rice.edu/
Educational Technologies: http://edtech.rice.edu/www/
Help Desk - http://helpdesk.rice.edu/
Information Technology - http://it.rice.edu/
IT Policies - http://vpit.rice.edu/Policies.aspx
K2I - http://k2i.rice.edu/
Research Computing Support - http://www.rcsg.rice.edu/
Service Catalog - http://vpit.rice.edu/ServiceCatalog.aspx
C. Sponsored Research
Research and study on the part of the faculty are essential elements of university work. Accordingly, members of the faculty are encouraged to seek external financial support for their research projects. When such research is carried out by faculty members under the financial sponsorship of an outside organization, such as the federal government, it is called sponsored research. That research should be clearly related to the academic programs of the departments involved and provide opportunities for graduate and/or undergraduate research training. But individual researchers are free to pursue interesting and important leads that may arise during the conduct of research, subject only to the terms of the research agreement and other restrictions of the sponsor.
Faculty members engaged in sponsored research may receive compensation for work on a supported research project consistent with federal and state regulations and laws, as well as the terms and conditions of the funding source and university policies. These faculty members may wish to continue their research during the summer months, and to the extent that funds of sponsored projects are available, may be compensated at their approved rate for up to three months a year. The total compensation received by a faculty member in any pay period from the university and from sponsored research funds may not, however, exceed the university approved rate of pay for that faculty member. Faculty members on full-time academic year appointments have an approved monthly rate of one-ninth of their nine-month salary.
The vice provost for research assumes oversight of all the university's research activities and policies, including technology transfer. The Office of Sponsored Research, under the vice provost, assists faculty in identifying potential sources of funding, monitors submissions of proposals, negotiates and administers sub-contracts and research agreements, and maintains a database of grants and contract proposals and awards.
A sponsored research agreement, which may be either a grant or contract, is fundamentally an agreement between a sponsor and the university to engage in a project of mutual interest. The principal investigator is the resident expert who has the responsibilty to carry out the proposed project. By submitting a research proposal, a researcher agrees to abide by the policies and the procedures of the university and the sponsor. Because trust in the integrity of Rice's research enterprise has accumulated over many decades and is one of the university's most valuable assets, all faculty have scholarly obligations to their colleagues and coworkers to ensure that their research is conducted honestly and taht the results are reported truthfully. All principal investigators with external funding also have legal and ethical obligations to the sponsors of their research as well as to the university its administrative role.
Because of the variety of research being conducted and the mechanism sponsors use to fund such agreements, they are governed by several university policies as detailed below:Policy 104-98 Routing of Research Contracts and Grant Proposals and Recommendations for Postdoctoral and Research Associate Appointments
Policy 216 Management of Research and Other Outside Interests
Policy 301 Policies and Procedures for the Management and Administration of Sponsored Projects
Policy 311 Salary Support Through Sponsored Projects
Policy 314-90 Care and Humane Treatment of Animals Used in Research, Testing, and Education
Policy 323-96 Drug-Free University
Policy 324-00 Research Misconduct
Policy 326-98 Human Health and Safety in the Performance of Research
Policy 327 Research Faculty
Policy 328-90 Funding Requests to External Sources
Policy 331-03 Research Equipment: Procurement, Management, Transfer, and Disposition
Policy 332-96 Disclosure Policy for Reporting Significant Financial Interests Related to Proposed or Funded Projects from the NSF or PHS
Policy 333 Patent and Software Policies
Policy 334 Copyright Policy
D. Continuing Studies
Since 1968 Rice has maintained a large and successful continuing studies program. At present, the Glasscock School of Continuing Studies offers noncredit personal development courses in fine arts, humanities, science, creative writing, studio art, photography, personal finance; professional development courses in areas such as nonprofit management, K-12 teaching, financial services, human resources, paralegal studies; foreign languages; and English as a second language. The school also offers the Master of Liberal Studies and administers Rice's summer school program for undergraduates. Although no member of the Rice faculty is required to teach in any of these courses, many find it rewarding to do so -- to share their knowledge with educated members of the Houston community and to gain additional income. Pay varies from course to course, but it is always in addition to regular Rice compensation and always includes fringe benefits. Members of the faculty and their families may enroll in continuing studies courses at reduced tuition (10-50 percent off).
E. Outside Work
Consulting and other services to outside organizations, including industry and government, often constitute very desirable activities for the faculty. These services can provide a mechanism for enriching the professional experience of faculty members, thereby broadening their backgrounds for teaching and scholarly research. The university also has a responsibility to help in the transformation of results of research into products, services, and processes that will become available in the marketplace. In many instances, effecting such a transfer requires active participation of faculty members as advisors or consultants. Conflicts of commitment, however, may arise when there are competing demands upon the time and energy of a faculty member as a result of outside activities and interests that could interfere with the faculty member's ability to meet his/her responsibilities to the university. Rice expects that faculty members' outside activities and interests will not interfere with their ability to meet their primary obligations to the university. Specific universal standards for defining the proper balance are not feasible, but experience indicates that full-time faculty members have difficulty meeting their primary obligations if they spend more than the equivalent of one day a week on outside activities. See Policy 216-97 "Outside Activities of Faculty and Faculty Fellows."
F. Conflicts of Interest
Conflicts of interest may arise when a faculty member's personal interests interfere with his/her responsibility to the university. The key factors in avoiding ethical and legal conflicts of interest are personal responsibility and integrity. Rice expects all faculty members to conduct their outside professional activities in a manner that reflects well on themselves, their profession, and the university. The principal means for managing potential conflicts of interest involves prior disclosure and a dialog between a faculty member and her/his dean. Specific requirements exist concerning potential or real conflicts of interest for faculty members submitting proposals to certain federal agencies. These faculty members must file a disclosure statement with their dean.
Special guidelines apply to faculty members who are involved in purchasing supplies, services, and equipment for the university. Faculty members with the authority to commit university funds must disclose whether any potential conflict of interest exists when they request signature authority for the commitment of funds.
Only in special cases may university equipment or facilities be used for services to an outside organization, including those controlled by faculty members, and then only with the explicit written approval of the department chair and dean or applicable vice president.
For more details, see Policy 216-97 "Outside Activities of Faculty and Faculty Fellows," Policy 332-96 "Disclosure Policy for Reporting Significant Financial Interests Related to Proposed or Funded Projects from the NSF or PHS" and Policy 838 "Conflicts of Interest."
G. Intellectual Property
Rice University encourages the publication and display of original works and the uninhibited dissemination of new knowledge. Both academic freedom and quality education are served by these activities. As an institution where the faculty is expanding the frontiers of knowledge, Rice accepts its obligation to serve the public interest by ensuring that the best and most promising of the new discoveries, ideas, art, papers, books, computer software, and other works are made available for public use. Rice also recognizes that it must assist its faculty in properly disclosing their scholarly work, in complying with applicable laws and formal agreements, and in gaining the protection available under United States laws governing patents, copyrights, and trademarks.
It is important to understand that applying for patents, copyrights, and trademarks, which are classes of intellectual property, is a critically important step in achieving the university's objective of making research discoveries available for public use. Intellectual properties convey certain rights to their owners which can provide significant competitive advantage; this important aspect helps to motivate investment in the risky process of transforming a university developed research discovery into a bona fide product. Companies and Rice enter into contractual agreements, called licenses, whereby Rice conveys the right to use an invention in exchange for the company's development of the technology into a product(s), and (usually) fees and/or royalties.
Rice policy requires that all discoveries or creations (including software) made during the conduct of university research be disclosed to the university. If, upon evaluation, the university decides to seek intellectual property protection, the policy requires the inventor(s) or developer(s) to sign a legal document assigning ownership rights to Rice. Rice will then pursue, at its expense, any opportunities that may flow from the disclosed technology and will share any earnings with the inventor(s) or developer(s).
For more information on intellectual property issues, see Policy 333 "Patent and Software Policies" and Policy 334 "Copyright Policy."
Patent laws protect useful, new, and non-obvious inventions (rather than the underlying ideas or concepts) in specified categories, including machines, devices, processes, methods, techniques, software, materials, compositions, substances, mixtures, and chemical compounds. A patent owner has the right to exclude others from making, using, offering for sale, or selling the invention for a period of twenty years after the filing date of the patent.
When a potentially patentable invention is discovered or developed at the university, a confidential invention disclosure report should be submitted to the Office of Technology Transfer. Prompt reporting can be critical to obtaining patent protection for the invention in the U.S. and foreign countries. U.S. patent rights will be lost if the patent application is not filed within one year of a "trigger event," which includes public disclosure (including regular or web based publication, oral presentation, and proposals to government agencies), public use, commercial use, offer for sale, or sale of the invention. Most industrialized foreign countries do not have this one year grace period. In addition, if the invention was made with federal funding, it must be reported to the government by the Office of Technology Transfer accurately and on a timely basis. Therefore, it is important to identify the sources of any grant funding that supported the research or any research personnel (including students) when preparing the invention disclosure. It is also important to update that information when formally filing each patent for the invention disclosure.
Rice may elect to pursue patent protection and licensing of a disclosed invention, in which case any royalty income will be shared among the inventor, the inventor's department, and the university in percentages detailed in the policy. If the university declines to pursue patent protection for an invention, it will offer to return the intellectual property rights to the inventor(s), subject to the rights of any third party sponsor of the research which led to the invention. Generally when patentable inventions are discovered or developed in the course of research supported in whole or in part by federal funds, the government shall have a non-exclusive, worldwide, royalty-free license to practice the subject invention. If rights are returned to the inventors and they elect to develop the technology for their own purposes, the university's name and trademarks may not be used for any promotional or commercial purposes without the prior written consent of the president.
Copyright laws protect forms of expression (rather than the underlying ideas, concepts, facts or information) for originally authored works in certain specified categories, including literary works (includes certain software); musical works (includes accompanying words); dramatic works (includes accompanying music); pantomimes and choreographic works; pictorial, graphic and sculptural works; motion pictures and other audiovisual works; sound recordings; and architectural works. A copyright owner has the exclusive right to reproduce the work, prepare derivative works, distribute copies of the work, publicly display the work, and publicly perform the work.
From time to time, faculty members may want to use the copyrighted works of others to supplement their research and teaching and to otherwise facilitate the university's mission of developing and transmitting knowledge. Under copyright law, the doctrine of "fair use" may allow such use (including making and distributing copies) without obtaining the permission of the copyright owner. "Fair use" is an equitable doctrine which limits a copyright owner's exclusive rights and requires a case-by-case analysis of the following four factors:
- purpose or character of the use (noncommercial uses such as teaching, research, scholarship, comment, and criticism are better than commercial uses);
- nature of the work (published works are easier to use than unpublished works);
- amount and substantiality of the portion used in relation to the work as a whole; and
- effect of the use upon the potential market for or value of the work.
A copyright is created automatically when the work is first "fixed in a tangible medium of expression." Although neither a federal registration nor a copyright notice is required, a registration is necessary to file a suit for infringement in federal court, and a notice helps to prove both the owner's and the infringer's intent.
At the university, the author of a copyrightable work retains ownership of the copyright, subject to the rights of any third-party sponsor except for software works (see Policy 333 "Patent and Software Policies") and for specific works that a faculty member has agreed to produce for the university (see Policy 334 "Copyright Policy"). Joint authors are persons who contribute to the work with the intention that their contributions be merged into an interdependent whole. Independent contractors retain copyright ownership for their works absent a proper written "work for hire" agreement and/or copyright assignment. Generally, when copyrightable works are developed in the course of research supported in whole or in part by federal funds, the government (including others acting for or on its behalf) shall have nonexclusive, worldwide, royalty-free license to use, reproduce, prepare derivative works of, distribute copies of, publicly display, and publicly perform, the work. Where appropriate, the university should be identified to reflect the institutional affiliation or support of the work; however, the university's name and trademarks may not be used for any promotional or commercial purposes without the prior written approval of the president.
3. Data Access and Management
In the process of their research, Rice University faculty, research staff, postdoctoral fellows, graduate students, and undergraduate students, inevitably make a record of their methods, approaches and findings, known broadly as research data. The university and the researchers have certain rights and responsibilities pertaining to the management of that data.
The research investigators have the right to use data for future research and to disseminate data to the broader community. This is subject to compliance with laws and regulations, as well as any contractual obligations, regarding the conduct of research. In addition, the research investigators must assist the university in fulfilling obligations related to the appropriate use of human and animal subjects, the safe use of hazardous materials, the protection of the university’s intellectual property rights, and compliance with the requirements of research sponsors and governmental agencies. Research data must also be protected to ensure that the university can effectively oversee and investigate any conflict of interest and research misconduct issues.
The details of this policy and an outline of procedures that a principal investigator must follow are found in Policy 308, Research Data Management.
4. The University's Name and Trademarks
The name of the university should be used in a faculty member's title to show institutional affiliation in connection with university-related work made public. The name of the university may not, however, be used for promotional purposes of a commercial nature without the written approval of the president.
Rice University seeks to foster an environment where people are treated with respect and trust. Employment of family members may be problematic because such situations can create a conflict of interest, an appearance of favoritism, and an increased potential for a hostile work environment. Because of these concerns, the university is sensitive to circumstances in which relatives of employees might be hired, transferred, or promoted to positions where one relative might have influence over any of the following: a relative's employment, performance review, salary administration, promotion, or other employment-related decisions.
If a relationship develops during the course of employment that would violate this policy, the university will work with the individuals involved to resolve the situation. In all cases, the needs of the university determine the resolution. For more details, see Policy 419-96 "Nepotism."
I. Drug-Free University
The Drug-Free Workplace Act of 1988 requires that employers take appropriate measures to combat illegal drugs in the workplace as a condition for receiving federal funds. To comply with the act, the university has in place and administers in good faith a policy prohibiting the unlawful manufacture, possession, use, or distribution of illegal drugs and alcohol on the property of the university, or as part of any university activities, except in the course of authorized teaching and research. Confidential counseling, treatment, and rehabilitation programs are available to faculty members, who may contact the Rice University Employee Assistance Program (LifeWorks) or the Rice University Health Education Office. For more details, see Policy 323-96 "Drug-Free University."
J. Disability Accommodations
The Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) and Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 require that Rice provide accommodations for individuals whose disabilities impact them in their pursuits at the university. Rice, accordingly, provides reasonable accommodations such as adaptive technology and equipment, including assistive listening units and Braille embossers, audio texts for the blind, and other accommodations and assistance based on documented needs. Access to buildings at Rice University is, in general, excellent; specialized modifications are made in offices and classrooms as needed. Faculty members who have disabilities or who have students in their classes with disabilities should work with the chairs of their departments, the provost, and the director of Disability Support Services to take full advantage of the facilities and services that are available for people with disabilities. Faculty are advised to include ADA statements on their syllabi and to direct students with disabilities to Disability Support Services (http://www.dss.rice.edu) ; that office provides examples of ADA statements on their "faculty information" link, under the heading "Informing Students" (http://dss.rice.edu/Content.aspx?id=38#InformingStudents). Faculty should expect to receive an Accommodation Letter from Disability Support Services indicating the accommodations that a student with a disability will need.
Rice attempts to do all that is reasonable to provide a safe and healthful environment for work and study. To protect individuals and property and to regulate parking and the flow of traffic through the campus, Rice currently maintains a police department of 26 licensed officers supported by 15 guards, attendants, dispatchers, and clerks. The uniformed officers, who have been specially screened for service at Rice by committees that include faculty and students, enforce all applicable federal, state, and local laws as well as university regulations. Members of the faculty should not only cooperate fully with the Rice police (reporting crimes, suspicions of crimes, and fires by using blue-light emergency telephones or by dialing 6000 on any campus phone) but also remain vigilant when on campus after dark.
In addition to maintaining a police department, Rice maintains an office of Environmental Health and Safety and makes every effort to provide its faculty, students, and staff with proper equipment and training in safe work practices; and it complies with all federal, state, and local codes pertaining to health and safety. Faculty members are responsible for the safety of personnel working under their direct supervision. See Policy 805-00 "Safety Policy," Policy 833-91 "Chemical Hygiene Plan," and Policy 326-98 "Protection of Human Subjects Participating in Research or Educational Activities."